Our Daily Bleed...
Chilean novelist, nomad, cultural iconoclast.
International: WORKERS' MEMORIAL DAY.
Charles, Louisiana: CONTRABAND DAYS PIRATE FESTIVAL honors Lafitte.
"In many parts of the Caribbean, flying the "Jolly Roger" flag was the equivalent of a happy face: it meant the pirate ship was willing to take prisoners. The appearance of a red flag, however, signified no prisoners, & the pirates would slaughter crew & passengers to a man. Bear in mind that the flags had different meanings [or none] at different time periods & in different regions."
1635 -- New Old World: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Virginia (US) Governor John Harvey accused of treason & removed from office.
1721 -- England: Clearly rattled by the mushrooming Hell-Fire Clubs & their ridiculing of religion, the government makes its first attempt to close them down.
Source: 'Calendar Riots'
1770 -- On this day the world's best-travelled goat discovers Botany Bay.
Source: 'Calendar Riots'
1772 -- England: The world's best-travelled goat dies in London — she had circumnavigated the globe twice, accompanied first by Wallis on the Dolphin & then by Cook on the Endeavour.
Source: 'Calendar Riots'
1789 -- High Seas: Fletcher Christian leads a group of mutineers against Captain William Bligh aboard HMS Bounty in history's most famous mutiny. Recounted by Charles Nordhoff & James Norman Hall in a trilogy; the first book being Mutiny on the Bounty (1932).
1818 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Monroe proclaims naval disarmament on Great Lakes & Lake Champlain.
1861 -- Germany: Henry Bauer lives, Grentel. German-American anarchist.
Bauer emigrated to the US in 1890, where he worked as a carpenter in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He became involved with the anarchist movement there following the events following the Haymarket bombing in Chicago (where anarchists were framed). In 1893 Henry Bauer was arrested & sent to prison for five years for distributing leaflets during the Homestead Strike, where Alexander Berkman had attempted to assassinate Henry Frick.
Sing ho, for we know you, Carnegie;
God help us & save us, we know you too well;
You're crushing our wives & you're starving our babies;
In our homes you have driven the shadow of hell.
Then bow, bow down to Carnegie,
Ye men who are slaves to his veriest whim;
If he lowers your wages cheer, vassals, then cheer. Ye
Are nothing but chattels & slaves under him.
— 2nd verse, "A Man Named Carnegie," anonymous, California, 7 July 1892
1868 -- US: Fort Laramie Treaty signed.
1874 -- Austrian philosopher Karl Krauss lives, Jicin, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary.
KARL KRAUSS 1998 SAINT
Great Austrian satirist, language theorist, social rebel.
O escritor vienense Karl Krauss (1874-1936) é autor de uma frase campeã sobre o assunto: "Uma mulher às vezes é um substituto bastante razoável para a masturbação. É preciso, evidentemente, um bocado de imaginação."
"This play [The Last Days of Mankind] is the blood of your blood... it can be reached by no waking senses, by no living memories."
It is only those who have lived through the tragedy of mankind who know,
feel & remember that it is not true that you live only once. On the contrary,
you never live at all.
— Obrad Savic, "Krauss in Belgrade," 1995
[Details / context]
1882 -- L. Onerva (1882 - 1972) lives. Finnish poet who published also prose, drama, essays, & translated French literature (Voltaire, Honoré de Balzac, Anatole France, Paul Bourget, François Mauriac, Henri Barbusse).
1882 -- France:Procès de Jules Guesde, Paul Lafargue, Jean Dormoy.
1884 -- England: "Black rains as black as a deluge of ink ..."
At Church Stretton & Much Wenlock, Shropshire, fell torrents of liquid like ink & water in equal proportions (The Field, May 3, 1884, page 440).
This rain was "...so intense that the following day brooks were still dyed with it."(page 31) "In Jour. Roy .Met. Soc., 11-7, it is said that, upon the 28th, half a mile from Lilleshall, Shropshire, an unknown pink substance was brought down by a storm.
Upon the 3rd of May, black substance fell again at Crowle.
1893 -- The term 'pataphysics first appears in print in Alfred Jarry's play Guigno in today's issue of L'Écho de Paris littéraire illustré. Jarry later defined it as "the science of imaginary solutions, which symbolically attributes the properties of objects, described by their virtuality, to their lineaments." (Gestes et opinions du Docteur Faustroll, II, viii) Raymond Queneau describes 'pataphysics as resting "on the truth of contradictions & exceptions." Works within the 'pataphysical tradition tend to focus on the processes of their creation, & elements of chance or arbitrary choices are frequently key in those processes as found, for example, in pieces from artist Marcel Duchamp & composer John Cage.
1898 -- Italy: In Ancône, the trial of the anarchists accused of criminal conspiracy against "the public safety & property" concludes. The trial began on the the 21st, following the failure of a General Strike in mid-January against price increases for bread. The defendants are represented by the anarchist lawyers Francisco Saviero Merlino, Pietro Gori & Errico Ferri. Errico Malatesta is sent to prison for seven months.
[Details / context]
1901 -- France: Paule Mink (Paulina Mekaraska) dies; friend of Louise Michel & Marie Ferré.
Daughter of Polish nobles, Communard, socialist, prominent feminist & the mother of the anarchist Henri Jullien.
Source: [ L'Ephéméride Anarchiste ]
1902 -- Johan Borgen lives (1902-1979). Important 20th-century Norwegian author. Wrote the trilogy Lillelord, De Morke Kilder, Vi Har Ham Na — all translated into English as Lillelord.
1908 -- US: Wear Your Best Suit? The farm of Bella Poulsdalter Sorenson Gunness of LaPorte, Indiana set afire. Evidence subsequently found in her hayloft indicates she murdered 16 to 28 persons, most suitors lured by her "Lonely Hearts" ads.
1908 -- US: Emma Goldman lectures in Los Angeles (April 28-May 2); she debates socialist Kaspar Bauer on the question of "Socialism vs Anarchism." While in Los Angeles, Red Emma visits George A. Pettibone.
1910 -- England: First night air flight, Claude Grahame-White.
Les banques criaient "Misérables!"
Quand s'éloignait le bruit du puissant moteur
Comment rattrapper les coupables
Qui fuyaient à toute allure à trente-cinq à l'heure
Sur les routes de France, hirondelles et gendarmes
Etaient à leurs trousses, étaient nuit et jour en alarme
En casquette à visière, les bandits en auto
C'était la bande à Bonnot
— Joe Dassin, La bande à Bonnot
[Details / context]
1912 -- Spain: José Pellicer-Gandia lives, Valencia anarchist militant & syndicalist, a commander in Durruti's "Iron Column" during the Spanish Revolution. Imprisoned a few months, in 1937, by the Communists. Following the Republican defeat Pellicer was captured, condemned by a fascist military tribunal May 26, 1942 & executed on June 8.
The Iron Column was organised on the basis of groups, groups of 10 & ten such groups made up one centuria. The group leader was appointed by you so he was your group leader. & then a centuria delegate was appointed by the 10 groups that made up your centuria.
1914 -- US: 181 (or 192?) workers die in coal mine collapse disaster at Eccles, West Virginia.
1914 -- US: Emma Goldman delivers seven propaganda lectures & 11 talks on modern drama in Denver, Colorado (April 28-May 9).
1919 -- US: Bomb plot is discovered. The plot involved sending over 30 dynamite bombs to people "on the anarchists' enemies list," including A. Mitchell Palmer, the US Attorney General, J. P. Morgan, John D. Rockefeller, Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, & Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis (who becomes the first commissioner of baseball next year, which is more than reason enough!).
1919 -- US: Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Seattle mayor Hanson gets a bomb in the mail. Hizzoner declares the government should "buck up & hang or incarcerate for life all the anarchists." This was one of 36 aforesaid bombs which turn up in the mails across the nation.
1922 -- Mécislas Charrier, French anarchist illégaliste, goes on trial for his attempt, along with two others, to rob the Paris-Marseilles train, in which one person was killed. ... more
1924 -- US: 119 workers die in Benwood, West Virginia coal mine disaster.
1925 -- Poet & Rightwing Catholic T. S. Eliot takes a job at publisher Faber & Faber, freeing him from a dreary bank job.
1926 -- Harper Lee lives, Monroeville, Alabama. American author famous for her Pulitzer prize-winning race relations novel To Kill A Mockingbird. An international bestseller adapted to the screen in 1962. She modeled the boy Dill after her childhood next-door neighbor, author Truman Capote.
France: Michèle Bernstein lives, Paris.Novelist & critic, best known as a member of the Situationist International from its foundation in 1957 until 1967, & as the wife of its most prominent member, Guy Debord.
1937 -- England: Manchester Guardian publishes Emma Goldman's letter criticizing its report that Catalonia had contributed little to the defense of Madrid.
1942 -- US: Name That War Game? "WW II" titled so, as result of a Gallup Poll. Also nightly "dim-out" begins along the East Coast, as a result of Gallup Poll.
1943 -- Flour For Another Sack? Brilliant Chilean novelist Roberto Bolaño (d. 2003) lives, Santiago, Chile. A founder of 'infrarealism", a surrealist-type movement, which — when not writing poems — became notorious for heckling other poets — especially Paz — on the grounds that they were both excessively "literary" & corrupted by the Mexican state's munificence.
"Experience at full speed, self-consuming structures, crazy contradictions ... Never too long in the same place, like guerrillas, like UFOs, like the white eyes of life prisoners ... LEAVE IT ALL BEHIND, AGAIN. GO OUT ON THE ROADS."
1945 -- Italy: Fascist strongman Benito Mussolini hung by partisans, begging the question:
Was he hung well?
[Details / context]
If it is admitted that the 19th-century has been the century of Socialism, Liberalism & Democracy, it does not follow that the twentieth must also be the century of Liberalism, Socialism & Democracy. Political doctrines pass; peoples remain. It is to be expected that this century may be that of authority, a century of the "Right," a Fascist century. If the nineteenth was the century of the individual it may be expected that this one may be the century of "collectivism" & therefore the century of the State.
— Benito Mussolini, The Doctrine of Fascism, 1932
1947 -- High Seas: Thor Heyerdahl & "Kon-Tiki" sail from Perú to Polynesia.
1950 -- Marita Golden, journalist/novelist, lives, Washington, DC. Of her writing, she states: "I write essentially to complete myself & to give my vision a significance that the world generally seeks to deny."
1953 -- Iran: After engineering the overthrow of the democratically elected government, the CIA installs the Beloved & Respected Comrade
EaglePeacock, Shah of Iran, beginning a 25-year dictatorship & reign of terrorism in that part of the "Free World."
1958 -- US: Fourth attempt to launch a Vanguard satellite fails as third stage of the rocket did not ignite.
1958 -- Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Vice Prez Dick M Nixon begins goodwill tour of Latin America. Gets a "rocky" reception.
1960 -- US: Alan Haber & SLID / SDS host first conference on Human Rights at the University of Michigan; James Farmer & Michael Harrington speak.
1961 -- US: Holy Moley! We're No Moles? Over 2,000 defy mandatory civil defense drill, New York City. Inspires Holy Modal Rounders & also the movie "Shaft"... also a run on dental plates.
1965 -- Dominican Republic: 20,000 US Marines invade to prevent democracy & to prop up the military junta/dictatorship; Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader President Johnson sent the troops to prevent the ascension of democratically elected president Juan Bosch. The troops are not withdrawn until next year. Another "Free World" thing.
We're the cops of the world, boys;
We're the cops of the world.
— Phil Ochs
1967 -- US: Muhammad Ali (formerly Cassius Clay) refuses to be drafted to fight in Vietnam & is stripped of his boxing title within hours:
"No Viet Cong ever called me nigger.
Although Ali is not charged or arrested for violating the Selective Service Act — much less convicted — the NY State Athletic Commission & World Boxing Association suspends his boxing license & strip him of his heavyweight title in May of 1967, minutes after he officially announces he will not submit to induction.
On June 20th, a federal court convicts Ali for violating the Selective Service Act, handing him a fine & a five-year prison sentence. In 1971, the Supreme Court unanimously overturns the conviction. Ali regained his title in 1974, defeating George Foreman in Zaire.
"But the Vietnamese lack the ability to conduct a war by themselves or govern themselves. If the French withdrew, Indochina would become Communist-dominated within a month. The United States as a leader of the free world cannot afford further retreat in Asia."— Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Vice President Richard M Nixon, 1954
1968 -- After six months at the off-Broadway New York Shakespeare Festival Theater, Hair moves to the Biltmore. The first rock-musical to play on the Great White Way, with 1,729 performances on Broadway. Made into a movie in 1979.
1968 -- India: Rush To Judgment? A lawsuit begun in 1205 is resolved today, settled in favor of Mr. Thorat. Sorry, we failed to note his reaction following the verdict...
1970 -- US: Occupational Safety & Health Act (OSHA) enacted. The AFL-CIO now commemorates April 28 as “Workers Memorial Day” to honor the hundreds of thousands of working people killed and injured on the job every year. See 1989 below.
1971 -- England: The Hard Facts? Liquid bomb sent to The Times.
Source: 'Calendar Riots'
1977 -- Argentina: First rally by Mothers of the Disappeared at Plaza de Mayo, Buenos Aires. Under the US supported "Free World" terrorism, under this military dictatorship, 20 to 30,000 people disappeared (1976-1983). American CIA tax dollars hard at work.
Night hangs like a prisoner
Stretched over black & blue
Hear their heartbeat
We hear their heartbeat
— excerpt, U2 "Mothers Of The
Disappeared" (track 11, The Joshua Tree) [ 266 K ]
Nunca Más (Never Again): Report of Conadep (National Commission on the Disappearance of Persons) - 1984,
1977 -- Germany: Baader-Meinhof Red Brigade terrorists get life sentences.
1978 -- US: At Rocky Flats nuclear weapons facility, near Denver, Colorado, over 5,000 protest & 284 arrested for blocking railroad tracks entering the plant. Daniel Ellsberg called Rocky Flats the Auschwitz of our time.
1984 -- New Zealand educator, author/poet Sylvia Ashton-Warner dies in Tauranga.
1987 -- US: Benjamin Linder, an American volunteer engineer from Seattle, Washington is murdered by US-sponsored Contras (characterized by then-Beloved & Respected Comrade Leader Pres. Ronnie Reagan as "the moral equivalent of our founding fathers") while working on a hydroelectric project in rural Nicaragua. In America we do not call the Contras or any other rightwing terrorists terrorists.
1988 -- Suck It Up?: Gaping 20 feet long hole opens in the fuselage of an Aloha Airlines Boeing 737 jet during a flight from Hilo to Honolulu. Lands safely, but the escaping air swept a stewardess to her death & resulted in 95 injuries suffered by passengers.
1988 -- US: Darci Pierce, who kidnapped a pregnant woman & killed her doing a cesarean with a car key to steal her baby (which she tried to pass off as her own) sentenced to 30 years for murder, Albuquerque, New Mexico.
1989 -- South Africa: 170 conscientious objectors have left the country in 4 years; Mobil Oil leaves due to end of tax credits.
1989 -- First Workers Memorial Day, international day of remembrance for those who have been injured or died on the job & to renew the fight for safe workplaces, drawing attention to the plight of the 335,000 workers worldwide who die & millions injured every year as a result of their work.
"Mourn the dead & fight like hell for the living."
This is the day the US Occupational Safety & Health Act (OSHA) was enacted in 1970 & the day of a similar remembrance in Canada. Honoring this day started as "Workers Day of Mourning" in Canada.
Work kills double what die from wars — double what die from all other violence.
1991 -- US: Death of Igal Roodenko, World War II conscientious objector/pacifist activist, New York City. A regular contributor to WIN Magazine. One-time visitor to Left Bank Books when AuntieDave worked there.
"I have to love everyone — thank God I don't have to like everyone."
Biographical piece on Roodenko at Swathmore Library, http://www.swarthmore.edu/library/peace/DG151-175/dg161irood.html
1992 -- Iceberg Slim dies.
1996 -- Germany: Railroaded? Sixty-one arrested for dismantling railroad tracks leading out of Gundremmingen nuclear power station, Bavaria.
1997 -- Indonesia: A wage dispute at a Nike shoe factory near Jakarta is resolved with employees winning a 10.7% wage increase. It is the second protest in a week against a Nike subcontractor.
1997 -- Indonesia: After rushing through the trials of the PRD (People's Democratic Party) defendants to their predetermined end, the judges in Jakarta read out the sentences...
Wearing black headbands with the slogan "Democracy is dead" & T-shirts urging "Boycott the Elections" & singing songs such as "We Shall Overcome," the defendants enter the courtroom ...
1998 -- Denmark: Mass strike. Some 400,000 Danish workers launched an indefinite strike yesterday. On the third day it includes some 500,000 private sector workers. The fear of the employers is quite clear & the stock exchange falls.
2002 -- Ireland: John McGuffin (Sean Mac A' Phinn) of Belfast & Derry (& other parts) dies.
John McGuffin was perhaps most well-known for providing the single anarchist element within the People's Democracy group of the 60s & carrying an anarchist banner (himself), on the Burntollet civil rights march.
He was laid out in his coffin with a smile of final satisfaction on a face sculpted like a chieftain of old, in a black t-shirt with square red lettering,
"Unrepentant Fenian Bastard."
Way to go, McGuffin!
2002 -- Ruth Handler – inventor of the Barbie Doll dies.
2003 -- US: TV's "60 Minutes" reveals ongoing torture scandal at Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq.
In his 2004 essay, "War Porn," Jean Baudrillard observes how the photographs from the Abu Ghraib prison, west of Baghdad, enact scenes of fetishistic pornography, concluding: "It is really America that has electrocuted itself."
2004 -- US: The Bush-Cheney administration tells the US Supreme Court, "you have to trust the executive" not to mistreat prisoners; later today, the first photos of American soldiers abusing Iraqi prisoners at Abu Ghraib prison are broadcast.
2005 -- Norway: Newspaper Dagbladet reports that Edvard Munch's most famous painting, "The Scream," together with "The Madonna," stolen in August 2004 from the Munch Museum, might have been burned. Recovered unburned, however, in late 2006.
"The most violent element in society is ignorance."
— Emma Goldman
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